The following table describes an easy way for Indian Classical Music students and teachers to understand various musical scales used in the world.
A Scale is a selected group of musical notes within a Saptak with a typical sequence, in which a composition is made.
The near equivalent for that in Hindustani Classical Music is a Raga. Raga however, is not merely a group of swaras, but has various other characteristics which we all know. This table will therefore only give the basic near equivalent Swaras / Ragas as used in a particular musical scale.
Code – S (Shadja), r (Komal Rishabha), R(Shuddha Rishabha), g (Komal Gandhar), G (Shuddha Gandhar), M (Shuddha Madhyam), m (Teevra Madhyam),P (Pancham), d (Komal Dhaivat), D (Shuddha Dhaivata), n (Komal Nishada), N (Shuddha Nishada), and S’ (Tara Shadja).